WG1- Science and Technology for Digital Earth 


Stefano Nativi (European Commission DG JRC, Stefano.NATIVI@ec.europa.eu)

Eugene Eremchenko (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia, eugene.eremchenko@gmail.com)

Lizhe Wang (China University of Geosciences, China, lizhe.wang@gmail.com )


Zakharova Alena (Institute of Control Sciences RAS, Moscow, Russia)

Shklyar Alexey (Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russia)

Monaco Federico (University of Parma, Italy)

Del Mastro Antonio (Mars Planet, Curno, Italy)


1. Scope

The scope of the WG1 is to provide scientific and technological knowledge for the definition and implementation of the Digital Earth vision, including a standard baseline and a metrics.


2. Objectives and Methodology

The main goals of WG1 are:

(1) To generate and maintain the definition of the Digital Earth vision - also collecting and coordinating the contributions provided by the other WGs. To strengthen recognition of ISDE as a leading scientific community developing a new geospatial paradigm.

(2) To define and keep updated a Digital Earth index to measure the progress of the Digital Earth vision uptake - this includes developing a metrics (i.e. key indicators) and recognizing existing gaps in the Scientific & Technological development of the Digital Earth vision. Some indicators generation is expected by the other WGs.  To focus the interdisciplinary scientific and R&D community on the most desired areas of research.

(3) To design and develop technology prototypes and application pilots to demonstrate the feasibility of the Digital Earth vision, the effectiveness of its enabling technologies, and the raised opportunities. This links well also with other WG objectives - e.g. WG6 that aims at developing a DE Virtual Laboratory for the SDGs agenda implementation.

The methodological approach of WG1 is based on a cyclic approach. WG1 will adopt a holistic approach to monitor and facilitate the Scientific & Technological development of the Digital Earth vision. This approach builds on the following principles:

(1) Science and technology developments go hand in hand.

(2) The Digital Earth scientific and technological domain must be clearly identified, in respect to other existing disciplines - see also the Manual of Digital Earth and the new Digital Earth definition.

(3) A metrics must be provided.

(4) Gaps are recognized in respect to collected users’ needs and requirements that are instrumental to realize the Digital Earth vision.

The adopted methodology builds on the followings:

(1) Engage the Digital Earth community via workshops and summits, convening experts, developers, and users - establish expert groups on specific topics, where useful.

(2) Work in close collaboration with the other WGs.

(3) Consider the knowledge coming from other relevant initiatives, such as: GEO, UN SDGs, international SDOs, the industrial sector.

(4) Consider the requests coming from the ISDE Council.

3. Activities

(1) The "Digital Earth and Big Data" session was organized during the XXXI International Graphicon-2021 conference in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia on 30 September, 2021. This session was orchestrated within the context of WG1 and was focused on the discussions about fundamental aspects and prerequisites of the DE concept. Prof. Yu Baturin delivered the main report "The Individual’s Perception Space of the Digital Earth". The article "Digital Earth: Prism of 2020" was presented by E. Eremchenko. All contributions will be published in CEUR.


(2) "Digital Earth" was presented at the 72nd International Astronautical Congress (IAC) in Dubai, UAE on October 25. WG1 was directly involved in its preparation by an international collaboration (Italy, Ireland, Luxembourg, and Russia). It was the only one of the 2350 papers presented at the Congress which included the key word "Digital Earth" in the titles. The paper "Simulating Gagarin’s gaze: the charm of a digital Earth for a sustainable planet" was dedicated to two important dates in 2021: the 700th anniversary of the death of Dante Alighieri and the 60th anniversary of the first space flight by Yuri Gagarin. It raises the question of the extent of WG1 and Digital Earth in general.


(3) The presentation "Digital Earth and Hybrid Crises of XXI: Remedy or Disease?" was made by Eremchenko E., Zakharova A. on WOSC2021 (World Organisation of Systems and Cybernetics 2021) about Digital Earth from WG1 aspect. See https://www.wosc2020.org/programme


(4) Some papers sharing Digital Earth vision were published or to be published. Most relevant articles with WG1 are: 

- Eremchenko E., Zakharova A. (2022) Cattle’s Magnetic Alignment Case: Understanding Visual Aberrations of Satellite Imagery. In: Ronzhin A., Berns K., Kostyaev A. (eds) Agriculture Digitalization and Organic Production. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, vol 245. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-3349-2_28

- Nativi, S., Mazzetti, P. and Craglia, M., Digital Ecosystems for developing Digital Twins of the Earth: The Destination Earth case, Remote Sensing, 2021, 13 (11), p. 2119, JRC124802. Available at: https://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/13/11/2119


(5) The annual report about WG1 activities will be prepared.


(6) Planned actions for the WG are:

WG1 will provide a chain of personalized outreach content in an asynchronous mode through the WG1 personal blogs on the official site of the ISDE, as well as articles, presentations on the different scientific events, reviews, etc. It helps ISDE:

- To find the best practices flexibly,

- To attract new promising contributor and maybe future members of WG1,

- To establish effective niches for outreach,

- To strengthen ISDE recognition in the variety of other scientific societies.

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